The Long Family History

The Long Family History of York County

 

John Long was born circa 1570 at Semington, Wiltshire, England. He was the son of Thomas Long and Joan (?). He married Catherine Bushell. He died in 1630 at Netheravon, Wiltshire, England.

Children of John Long and Catherine Bushell

1.         Thomas Long d. c 1683

2.        Nathaniel Long d. 1665

3.        Hannah Long d. 4 Nov 1681

4.       John Long+ b. c 1590, d. a 1635

5.        Elizabeth Long b. 1 May 1606, d. a 1635

6.       Timothy Long+ b. 1610, d. 1691

7.        Sarah Long b. 17 May 1620, d. 12 May 1688

8.       Mary Long b. 1625, d. a 1635

Timothy Long was born in 1610. He was the son of John Long and Catherine Bushell. He married Jane Brunsell. He died in 1691.

 

 Children of Timothy Long and Jane Brunsell

1.         Timothy Long b. 1636, d. 14 Sep 1665

2.        Samuel Long b. 1638, d. 28 Jun 1683

Samuel Longe b. 1638 d. 28 Jun 1683

Timothy Longe b. 1610 d. 1691

Jane Brunsell b. 22 Sep 1616

John Longe|b. c 1570 d. 1630

Catherine Bushell b. c 1575 d. 1631

 Samuel Long was born in 1638 at Wiltshire, England. He was the son of Timothy Long and Jane Brunsell. He married Elizabeth (?) in 1666 at Jamaica. He died on 28 June 1683 at Jamaica. He helped to capture Jamaica for the British Empire. Read  Samuel the 1st history below. 

Children of Samuel Longe and Elizabeth (?)

1.         Samuel Long b. 5 Jan 1667, d. 2 Sep 1677

2.        Elizabeth Long b. 16701

3.        John Long b. 22 Mar 1672, d. 12 May 1677

4.       Vere Long b. 2 Jul 1674, d. May 1677

5.        Mary Long b. 21 Jan 1677, d. 18 Jul 1677

6.       Charles Long b. 19 Jun 1679, d. 8 May 1723

 Samuel the 1st was baptized in England in 1638. When he grew into a young man he joined the British Navy. In 1654 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell gave the orders to the British Navy to attack any island owned by the Spaniards in the West Indies.  They arrived at Barbados Jan 1655 and decided to attack the island of Hispaniola (Dominica Republic).

 Heading the Naval fleet were General William Penn and General Robert Venables.   A lieutenant named Samuel Long was also on this fleet along with advisers and troops. The force landed on Hispaniola (known today as Dominican Republic) with plans for an overland attack to the city of Santo Domingo. However, Penn & Venables were quarreling among themselves. It was apparent that the British expedition and troops were inadequately supplied and doomed from the start.

To make matters worse their ships landed 50 kilometers (31 miles) from the city, without enough food and water. Polluted water caused sickness among the men, and the group became mutinous before reaching the Spanish forces.  Many men ran, a few fought, and only a landing party of sailors covering their retreat to the ships saved the rout from being a massacre. At the end of the battle, a third of the group was dead or missing.

Local history in Haina, Dominican Republic recalls that no army was mustered but instead, it was the Fiddler crabs coming across the forest leaves near the river where they were camped. Hearing the migration of thousands of crabs was understood to be the army coming to attack them and being of limited number they left in fear of annihilation. You will have to judge which version is the correct one. In any case the British crew feared Cromwell’s response to their failure at Santo Domingo, and they decided to attack another Spanish holding, this time one with much weaker defenses: Jamaica.

Approximately 8,000 men on 38 ships arrived in Kingston Harbor on May 10, 1655, and anchored near Passage Fort. The British leaders gave strict orders to avoid the cowardice that they’d seen in Santo Domingo, but this force only met 1,500 Spanish settlers, only about a third of whom could bear arms. The taking of the fort was easy, since the residents were so accustomed to pirate attacks and believed this invasion to be nothing more. Jamaica’s Governor, Juan Ramirez, was old and sick, and the treaty negotiations fell to Christoval Arnaldo de Ysasi and Duarte de Acosta. While the treaty was being negotiated, the British did not move to take any more of the island. In fact, by the time they reached Spanish Town, all of the settlers, and their valuables, had escaped to Cuba from the northern coast of Jamaica. Most of the Spanish settlers left there slaves behind. Theses slaves will play a very important part in Jamaica’s  history.

The British colonists were not doing well on the island. Food was scarce because many of the cattle, left to run wild by the Spanish, were killed for their hide, and meat was wasted. Medicines were also in short supply, and diseases and fevers worked their way through the troops. It was then that Admiral Penn and Captain Venables decided to return to England. Penn returned to England independently of Venables in June 1655. He hoped to be the first to report his version of events to Cromwell, but Venables arrived soon after him. Both officers were imprisoned in the Tower of London. Cromwell was angered not only by the military failure, but also by the unauthorized return to England of both commanding officers. Penn was released from the Tower in October 1655 after apologizing for his disobedience and resigning his commission. Later Penn went on to become admiral and was knighted by King Charles II.  As for Venables, the disgrace of the failure of the Western Design effectively ended Venables' career. He retired to Cheshire and lived quietly with his second wife Elizabeth in a loveless marriage. In 1662, he published a successful book on angling: The Experienced Angler. Penn’s eldest son Quaker William Penn went on to found the colony of Pennsylvania.

Since Comwell was giving large tracts of land away to lure settlers to Jamaica, Samuel Long decided to stay on the island. Captain Samuel Long received approximately 2200 acres of land in 1670. Samuel Long became Custos of Clarendon. He referred to Jamaica as “the home of the free, self-governing community. As part of the government of Jamaica he lobbied for the rights of Englishmen in Jamaica to have equal rights to those in England and for parliamentary governance in Jamaica. He was the Speaker of the House and Chief Justice.

 

He was owner of Longville in Clarendon, Jamaica located on 2200 acres with the Famous Milk River Spa noted for its high therapeutic value. Today there still is a Longville town and Long Bay near where Samuel once lived.

                      

                       Here is where Longville is located in Jamaica

                            Note the bay is also named after him.

                            These names are still used to this day.

                       

 

Here is some brief history on what Samuel long was noted for by the British &

Jamaicans. When the Earl of Carlisle became governor, he set out to change the existing laws, under the instructions of Charles II. Carlisle proposed that

the Governor and Council should pass all laws. Hitherto, the Assembly had this power, now the tables were to be turned, and all the Assembly could hope for were ratifications. They absolutely could not reject the Governor’s and Council’s decision once that decision had been accepted by the king.

This form of government had been introduced in Ireland and was working well, so why not here in Jamaica? On being queried, Carlisle then referred to the Island in the sweetest of terms, saying that Charles was pleased to call it “his darling Plantation”. Carlisle then asked the Assembly if they would submit to this form of government, only to be met by a storm of protest from the majority.

At this, he is supposed to have called them: “Fools, asses, and cowards.” Bitterness followed through the years 1678 and 1679, during which Carlisle issued manifestos referring to some of the opposition members as traitors. It seems he would gladly have imprisoned some of them, but was naturally reluctant to do so. Finally, his wrath turned to Samuel Long, a member of the Council who did not share his views. Long, a former Speaker was at that time Chief Justice. Carlisle deprived him of his offices and threw him into prison.

Long, now totally in sympathy with the Assembly, would have liked to have become one of their members, but was barred from doing so by the fact that no member of the Council who had been deprived of that office could become a member of the lower house.

Resentment was now stronger than ever, and when Carlisle again asked the house to vote upon the new form of government, they once more totally rejected it, whereupon Carlisle dissolved it. Later it was decided to send Long and the Speaker, William Beeston, to London to put their case before the Crown. Upon this decision, Carlisle added that he himself would be going to England to press charges against Long for his part in the disgraceful affair.

Long’s and Beeston’s success in London was nothing short of ecstatic. Long, in particular, made the accusations of Carlisle appear trifling, offered counter-charges against the Governor and pleaded the cause of Jamaica, most eloquently. Finally, the King presented them with a form of government which was completely acceptable, and similar to the form used in England. With this accomplished they returned in triumph to Jamaica.

 

Charles Long, the son of Samuel, was born in Jamaica in 1679. He is styled ‘of Longville’. He married first, Amy, daughter of Sir Nicholas Lawes, in 1699 (governor of Jamaica). He married for the second time Jane, daughter of Sir William Beeston (Governor of Jamaica).

 

Samuel Long died in Jamaica. younger than age fifty. A plaque with his name is located in the Spanish Town Cathedral to this day. This town was the island's administrative centre housing The Parish Council, The House of Assembly and The Supreme Court. It also boasts the oldest iron bridge of its kind in the Western Hemisphere , which was erected in 1801 at a cost of four thousand pounds.  It also had one of the first Spanish Cathedrals to be established in the new world.  This was built around 1525.  

                      

                     This is the Spanish as it stands today

               

                                 

                         

 

His son Samuel (issue with his wife Amy), is styled of ‘Tredudwell, and Longville, Jamaica, was born in 1700. He too entered politics and was a member of the Council. He married Mary Tate of Northamptonshire, and they had several children of which Edward Long the historian was one.

 

 

 

Charles Long was born on 19 June 1679 at Jamaica. He was the son of Samuel Long and Elizabeth (?). He married, firstly, Amy Lawes on 26 July 1699 at St. Katherines, Jamaica. He married, secondly, Jane Beeston in 1703. He died on 8 May 1723 at age 43 at Saxmundham, Suffolk, England.

Children of Charles Long and Amy Lawes

1.         Samuel Long b. 1 Nov 1700, d. 12 Jan 1757

2.        Elizabeth Long b. 8 Oct 1701, d. 3 Sep 1772

Children of Charles Long and Jane Beeston                     

1.         Charles Long b. 17 May 1705, d. 16 Oct 1778

2.        William Long b. 17 Jan 1707

3.        Jane Long b. 2 Apr 1709

4.       Beeston Long b. 16 Sep 1710, d. 21 Jan 1785

5.        Anne Long b. 1 May 1713, d. Apr 1794

6.       Mary Hopgood Long b. 3 Feb 1714, d. 12 Feb 1714

7.        Susanna Long b. 22 Jul 1717, d. 16 Apr 1829

8.       Charlotte Long b. 7 Jun 1720, d. 28 Jan 1740

Samuel Long was born on 1 November 1700 in Jamaica. He was the son of Charles Long and Amy Lawes. He married Mary Tate. He died on 12 January 1757 at age 56 at Jamaica. Samuel, born in Jamaica, was a member of the Council and the owner of Lucky Valley sugar plantation, a rich property in Clarendon Parish.

Children of Samuel Long and Mary Tate

1.         Catherine Maria Long b. Dec 1727, d. 11 Sep 1769

2.        Robert Long b. Oct 1729, d. Mar 1775

3.        Susanna Charlotte Long b. 1733, d. 7 Jul 1818

4.       Edward Long b. 23 Aug 1734, d. 13 Mar 1813

5.        Amelia Elizabeth Long b. Jan 1740, d. 1832

 

Edward Long was born on 23 August 1734 at Rosilian Cornwall, England. He was the son of Samuel Long and Mary Tate. He married Mary Ballard Beckford on 12 August 1758 at St. Katherine’s, Jamaica. He died on 13 March 1813 at age 78. Edward Long held the office of Chief Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court [Jamaica]. Writer of the History of Jamaica books, published in 1774 in three volumes

Children of Edward Long and Mary Ballard Beckford

1.         Edward Beeston Long b. 1 Mar 1763, d. 1825

2.        Jane Catherine Long b. 1764, d. 1826

3.        Charlotte Mary Long b. 1765, d. 4 Feb 1846

4.       Elizabeth Long b. 1769, d. 24 May 18351

5.        Lt.-Gen. Robert Ballard Long b. 4 Apr 1771, d. 1825

6.       Charles Beckford Long b. 4 Apr 1771, d. 1836

Edward Long, (the historian), was born on August 23rd, 1734. He became a law student going to Gray’s Inn in 1752. He went to Jamaica in 1757 and became private secretary to his brother-in-law, Henry Moore, who was Lieutenant Governor of the island. Long became a leading member of the Jamaican government after being appointed a judge of the Vice-Admiralty court, and was a frequent speaker in the House of Assembly. He was also a prominent member of the pro-slavery lobby. Always of literary inclinations, he wrote several articles and light tales. His History of Jamaica, published in 1774 in three volumes, was his greatest work, however. He returned to England in 1769 due to ill health.  In 1757, his father, Samuel, died in Jamaica.

While in the Island, he became judge of the Vice-Admiralty Court. In 1758, he married Mary, the daughter of Thomas Beckford. She was the widow of a certain John Palmer of ‘Springvale’ in Jamaica. Later, he left Jamaica and lived in England where he devoted himself to his literary works, especially completing his History of Jamaica. His wife, an invalid towards the end of her life, died in 1797. He himself lived for many years after. He died at Arundel Park, Sussex, England, in 1813.

His sister, Catherine Maria Long (Edward’s sister) married Henry Moore (Governor of Jamaica). Catherine Maria Long went to America with her husband in 1765 when he was appointed Governor of New York. He had been created a baronet in 1764. He died in America in 1769. Catherine then went to England where she married Captain Richard Vincent. Catherine’s Peak in Jamaica is named after her, for she is believed to have been the first white woman to climb its summit. It still bares than name to this day.

Edward Long’s Picture of Jamaica book in the Eighteenth Century as seen from the pages of his historic work is both informative and fascinating. This book has become over the years extremely rare and valuable and is seldom found in private collections in these days. One of the last prices quoted by an antique book dealer in London was somewhere in the vicinity of £65.00 (9000 US). The first edition of 'The History of Jamaica' was published in 1774. The 3 volume work covers the history of the island from the European occupation in 1655 to the late 18th century and provides a detailed description of life there. Long also included practical advice for those wishing to set up plantations and he wrote at length about slavery on the island.  

 

Edward Long, an English lawyer, was to only stay in Jamaica for a two year visit. He became the first recorded explorer of the caves of the island. He gave good accounts of three caves, Riverhead Cave, the rising of one of the tributaries of the Rio Cobre, Runaway Bay Caves, more commonly known as the Green Grotto, and a third cave that remains unidentified. Mr. Long saw the caves as part of the spiritual world, or the Maroons who saw them as a place of refuge, seems to have been motivated in his searches by a mix of simple curiosity and a desire to visit unseen places; he may be regarded as the first true caver in Jamaica. He did leave his beloved Jamaica after a 12 year stay and returned to England.

         

 Edward Beeston Long was born on 1 March 1763 at St Katherines, Jamaica.He was the son of Edward Long and Mary Ballard Beckford. He married Mary Tomlinson on 20 February 1786 at St. Marylebone, London, England. He died in 1825 at England.

Children of Edward Beeston Long and Mary Tomlinson

1.         Edward Noel Long b. 22 Mar 1788, d. 1809

2.        Henry Lawes Long b. 7 Jun 1795, d. 7 Jun 1868

3.        Mary Long b. 1797

4.       Charlotte Long b. 12 May 1801, d. 20 Mar 1823

5.        Frederick Beckford Long b. 1805, d. 21 Jul 1850

 

Henry Lawes Long was born on 7 June 1795 at St. Marylebone, London, England. He was the son of Edward Beeston Long and Mary Thomlinson. He married Lady Catherine Walpole, daughter of Horatio Walpole, 2nd earl of Oxford, on 25 July 1822. He died on 7 June 1868 at age 73.
 Henry Lawes Long lived at Hampton Lodge, Surrey, England.

Children of Henry Lawes Long and Lady Catherin

1. Charlotte Caroline Georgina Long b.23 Apr   1823, d. 24 Jul 1896

 

 

2.        Catherine Beatrice Long b. 1824

3.        Emma Sophia Long b. 1826, d. 17 Nov 1896

4.       Mary Elizabeth Long b. 1827

5.        Florence Louisa Jane Long b. 1829

6.       Sophia Horatia Churchill Long b. 1831

7.        Isabella Henrietta Theodora Long b. 1832

8.       Henry Charles Dudley Long b. 1839, d. 7 Jun 1870

Charlotte Georgina Long was born on 23 April 1823. She was the daughter of Henry Lawes Long and Lady Catherine Walpole. She married Henry Howard, son of Lord Henry Thomas Howard-Molyneux-Howard and Elizabeth Long, on 6 December 1849. She died on 24 July 1896 at age 73.
Her married name became Howard.

 

After Charlotte Long the history trail goes cold. I could not find any family members history linking us back to Henry.  I know I am missing a generation or two. This may be due to a number of reasons such as travel, death, prison, residing in a foreign country or just no records kept.  I would have thought that the early years would be the hardest to trace. Early records of the Long name are easy to trace as most worked or were very important government people. 

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In chapter 2

I will pick up in the Long name from 1788. This is what I call the new world of the Long name.  All that I found resided in the United States York County Pa area. I could not find anything before 1788 linking us to the British Longs as Uncle Ben did. I do know the Long name was spelled Longe and Lange in the early centuries. I do believe we got our start in England then to Ireland and then migrated to other parts of the world. I know Uncle Ben’s search connected us to Samuel Long through David Long. I did not find this connection. With that said lets start at Chapter 2 in 1788.